September 10 (Mon) 1945, Yokohama, Japan

IWM A16672
Midshipmen studying in the gun room, 1943. Image copr. IWM A16672

Last Thursday [6th] signal was received to the effect that Midshipmen’s exams would start on the 10th Sept. With only four days notice & coming after two months ops. [operations] this seemed rather sudden to us. Rear Admiral Brind took up our cause and dispatched strongly worded signals to VABPF [Vice Admiral British Pacific Force]. Results were slow & disappointing till this morning just before we were due to start, when we were told that the exams were postponed for one month. This respite is most welcome though it means a few weeks of hard work.

The weather improved during the week, a couple of days of bright sunshine increasing our yearning for a “dip in the briney”. However, swimming is definitely “off” here, and there is no doubt that at times the appearance of the water is enough to deter most people anyway.

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September 5 (Weds) 1945, Yokohama, Japan

IWM FL962 Ariadne
Minelayer HMS Ariadne, September 1943. Image copr. IWM FL962

Today HMS Ariadne secured alongside, bringing a draft from Sydney. A closer view of this ship only went to confirm earlier impressions of neatness & smartness. Our landing party was returned during the afternoon by HMAS Napier. They have all brought back a lot of souvenirs & appear in good spirits despite the lack of washing facilities & amenities ashore. Though perhaps they are just pleased at getting back!

September 4 (Tues), 1945, Tokyo Bay, Japan

IWM A30513 HMS Speaker
Cheers from HMS Duke of York as HMS Speaker departs with the first 500+ POWs  © IWM (A30513) Original Source: http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205161632

Yesterday afternoon (3rd), the lower deck was cleared when the CVE [HMS] “Speaker”, carrying several hundred British & empire PsOW, passed round the fleet before leaving the Bay, bound for Australia. All ships gave them a great send-off. We hope it will not be long before we are following them.

Just before midday, HMS Ariadne entered harbour & anchored to the west of us. It is a very neat job of the Aldiel minelaying class, reputed to be capable of a speed of over 40 knots.

September 2 VJ-Day, 1945, Tokyo Bay, Japan

IWM A30511 Flagship sunset
Ensigns from all the Allied nations flown from HMS Duke of York on VJ-Day ceremonial sunset. Image copr. IWM A30511

This forenoon, Japanese envoys, including their foreign minister, and representatives of the United Nations, including the Supreme Allied Commander, General of the Armies, Douglas McArthur, met together on board USS Missouri, and signed documents for the complete surrender of Japan & its empire. The ship’s company were able to listen to a broadcast of the ceremony after Divisions & church. The day was generally celebrated by all who were in a position to do so. The ceremonial sunset on board the flag-ship [HMS] Duke of York was very colourful & moving.

For the third time in the last 9 months the order was given to “Splice the Mainbrace”. No doubt this was appreciated by the troops. Personally I would much prefer a pint of good cider. Letters posted today will be specially stamped “VJ-Day, Tokyo Bay”, aboard ship.

September 1 (Sat) 1945, Tokyo Bay, Japan

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Some of the HMS Newfoundland landing party. Image copr. C Canham.

The weather is still very dull. Our landing party has apparently hit the shore & all is proceeding according to plan. By request, the HQ staff who were left behind as unnecessary have been sent ashore to join them, and it all would seem to be a huge picnic. It is to be hoped that the rest of the ship’s company will be able to land & have a look-see later on.

August 31 (Fri) 1945, Tokyo Bay, Japan

Yesterday KGV [HMS King George v] & other British & US warships proceeded to Tokyo Bay, leaving only about a dozen ships in Sagami Wan. However, a force of US cruisers arrived last evening & this morning we all proceeded to Tokyo. The weather had deteriorated & visibility was bad.

august-31-1945-tokyo-bay-map.jpgWe had a spot of trouble with the capstan machinery seizing up, & anchor was weighed by manpower. Hands manned the capstan bars & despite pouring rain made a very good job. This delayed us considerably even so, and [HMNZS] Gambia proceeded independently after all the US ships. We caught it up soon after entering the bay and passed ahead as we began steaming through the lines of ships, dropping anchor in berth 61 next HMAS Shropshire just before 1300. A mist reduced visibility considerably but a good deal of shipping of various sorts could be seen. The shore was indistinct with what looked like dockyard & built up area to the west and low hills on the east side. In several places round the entrance to the bay were wrecks of merchant ships, presumably the results of sorties by our carrier-born aircraft and also a battleship hulk at Yokosuka.

Defense measures here include a pom-pom each side manned during daylight hours and a full cruising watch & lookout closed up at night. Sentries are posted from sunset to ‘hands fall in’.

August 29 (Weds) 1945, Sagami Wan, Japan

August 31 1945 IWM A30357
HMNZS Gambia, HMS KGV & HMS Newfoundland in Sagami Wan from deck of HMS Duke of York. Image copr. IWM A30357

Yesterday US Air Forces began taking over the airfields ashore. Transport aircraft have been crossing overhead all day. Anti-sabotage boat patrols are being maintained during the hours of darkness & double sentries armed with rifles & lanchesters posted around the ship.

Today [USS] Missouri moved into Tokyo Bay. Other units will proceed as berthing areas are check swept by our minesweepers. Admiral Nimitz has arrived by seaplane, and General McArthur is reported to be at Okinawa. Paint ship is just about completed, the hands having been busy on the hull since Monday. Upperworks are light grey & the other dark.

August 29 1945 Malcolm Wright

August 27 (Mon) 1945, Sagami Wan, Japan

Defense watches closed up at dawn. The allied ships headed for Japan in the following order – USS Missouri (Admiral Halsey) & destroyers; HMS Duke of York (Admiral Frazer), and destroyers; TF 38.4 comprising Battleships, Cruisers & destroyers; and TF 37 in the rear. Hellcats from TF 38.1 flew overhead. Land was sighted shortly after 0900 & at 1000 hands went to Action Stations. The land was scrub covered islands, of which we passed several. Ships were flying Battle ensigns & ready at the alert for any signs of treachery from the enemy. An American destroyer brought a Japanese pilot & interpreter to the flagship [HMS Duke of York] before we entered the bay. At 1300 we reverted to defense watches, the watch off preparing for entering harbour.

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HMS Duke of York with HMS King George V & Fujiyama, Sagami Wan. Image copr. IWM A30385

At 1500 we dropped anchor near Eno Shima [island in Sagumi Bay] after 52 days at sea. The country looked very green & hilly, Fujiyama being partially covered in cloud. The local populace did not seem very perturbed at or interested in our arrival. Hands went to bathe during the First Dog [watch] and an hour after dark we relaxed to cruising watches.

August 24 (Fri) 1945, at sea, off Japan

Continuing paint ship. For two hours during the forenoon, midshipmen took turns at OOW [Officer of the Watch] for manoeuvering ship. This was most instructive at times. The screen [of destroyers] was acting separately from the main body, & towards the end of the period carried out a torpedo attack run.

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Captain Ravenhill (facing) on the bridge of the HMS Newfoundland, 1945. Image copr. C Canham

In a speech to the ship’s company, the captain said that we would be getting mail & entering Sagami Wan on Sunday.