July 27 (Fri) 1945, at sea, off Japan

July 27 1945 BPFYesterday we embarked stores, mostly vegetables, and later proceeded to the replenishment area of Task Force 38.1 for refueling from a US tanker. This was completed by 0830 this morning. In less than 3 hours we received over 1000 tons of oil, rejoining the BPF [British Pacific Fleet] about noon.

 

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July 15 (Sun) 1945, at sea, off Japan

Today, in a speech to the ship’s company, the captain revealed that, having finished oiling, we would tomorrow meet the US 3rd Fleet comprizing 100 ships, and on Tuesday take part in a combined strike against the Tokyo area.

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HMS Formidable & Euryalus (centre) being oiled from a tanker of the British Pacific fleet train. Image copr. IWM A30072

The fleet train was sighted at dawn on Friday and we took up position & commenced oiling from the “San Amando” [tanker] about 1100. The trough method was used & the operation took 6 hours. During that time [HMNZS] Achilles refuelled by bouyant hose trailed astern of the oiler. Shortly before noon, our two senior mids [midshipmen], complete with baggage, were transferred to a couple of sloops. This “bosun’s chair” transportation must be just about as good as some of the machines at Luna Park, Sydney.

[HMS] Black Prince reported a premature explosion of a VT [Variable Time] fuse in the right gun of its A Turret. Casualties were one died of wounds & several others injured. The turret & remaining gun will apparently be serviceable, although the right is completely out of action.

On Saturday, various ships continued fuelling and today the rest topped up before leaving the fleet train.

Memoir of Lt A Canham

We got all our fuel and supplies from the fleet tankers and supply ships. Watch-keeping at night at 20 knots with no navigation lights and doing a constant zig-zag to avoid submarines kept us on our toes and was very good training for a young officer. There were British supply ships in the fleet train, but we avoided them like the plague. The American ships had much better food and much more of it, but sadly, no rum. We would always go out of our way to get Yankee grub instead of the dried peas sent to us by their Lordships.

June 10 (Sun) 1945, Manus, Admiralty Islands, PNG

Arrived at Manus about 1000 this afternoon and secured alongside oiler [RFA] Dingledale, an RFA [Royal Fleet Auxiliary]. Units of the British Pacific Fleet are in harbour. These include the Fleet Carrier [HMS] Implacable, Escort Carrier [HMS] Arbiter, and part of the 4th Cruiser Squadron [HMS] Swiftsure, [HMCS] Uganda & [HMNZS] Achilles. Rear Admiral Brind flies his flag in the [HMS] Swiftsure. Other units are believed to be at Sydney.

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Engine room of a cruiser, 1942. Image copr. IWM A8903

During our passage from Auckland, Midshipmen have continued with engineroom watch-keeping. The rest of the ship’s company went into AA [Anti-Aircraft] Defence watches yesterday morning at dawn. The senior Midshipmen sat their navigation exams under conditions which can hardly have been conducive to good results.

May 3 (Thurs) 1945, Sydney, Australia

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Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser talking to US Liasion Officers, 1945. Image copr. IWM A30893

Last Saturday, 5 Gunroom officers spent the afternoon & evening with Admiral Sir Bruce Fraser at Palm Beach [NSW]. The weather was glorious & a good time was had by all.

Our Senior midshipman, having made the grade in the S/Lts’ [Sub-Lieutenant] Seamanship & Navigation exams, transferred to the destroyer [HMS] Troubridge, which left early Monday morning in company with [HMS] Termagant & [HMS] Tenacious.

Specially weighed 6″ CPBC [Common Pointed Ballistic Cap] shells were embarked from a lighter on Wednesday Forenoon.

Paint ship & the laying of Semtex has been completed. 4 USN [US Navy] Officers and several communications branch ratings, and an Australian BLO [Bombardment Liasion Officer] have joined. HMNZS Achilles was in harbour for a couple of days.