September 23 (Sun) 1945, Yokohama, Japan

During the week, Yokohama sightseeing parties were landed daily and today a party was sent  by destroyer to Tokyo. The day has been wet and means of transport round the city negligible, so there can be little doubt that Tokyo is not considered a first class liberty city!

IWM A30539 Swiftsure
HMS Swiftsure had led at the liberation of Hong Kong. Image copr. IWM A30539

HMS Swiftsure, our relief, arrived this forenoon. Tomorrow the flag will be transferred, they will take over our guards ashore, and we hope to leave on Tuesday. [HMS] King George V left for the south on Wednesday and [HMNZS] Gambia has returned from Wakayama. Heavy units of the United States 3rd Fleet have sailed for the west coast of the US, but a large force of US ships is still in the bay. Our USN Liason team has left the ship.

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September 18 (Tues) 1945, Yokohama, Japan

Yesterday [17th] history was made when the Union Jack was hoisted over the British Embassy at Tokyo after nearly four years of war.

A representative party of officers & men from HMS Newfoundland boarded the destroyer [HMS] Quality early yesterday morning and after picking up further parties from KGV [HMS King George V] and destroyers, proceeded to Tokyo. The day was warm & dull and the trip took little over an hour. On arrival at a dirty looking jetty, apparently miles from anywhere, but lined with US Army trucks, the troops were loaded into said trucks & whisked away. The officers were informed that transport for them would be arriving in half an hour. It was nearer an hour later that the trucks returned and the rather fed up officers were able to get under way for the embassy. The journey took about 20 mins & lay through what was left of the city, past the imperial palace gardens. The scenes of destruction were much the same as at Yokohama, though some of the main streets near the city centre appeared practically undamaged with huge tall buildings standing all around. These could do with a good clean. The grass & tree-lined sidewalks were a good sight and the imperial gardens & environs well worth visiting.

At the Embassy, the troops were found to be lined up round the drives & main entrance. Of course, the officers had not been allowed for, & were all pushed up one end, as far as possible from the scene of operations. Then for some time, as other parties & high ranking officers arrived, orders were given and countermanded, and it appeared as if nobody had any clear idea of what was happening. There is no saying how long this might have gone on for, but time marched on, & the Admiral arrived, so the show went on.

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Ceremony at British Embassy, Tokyo. Image copr. C Canham

Led by the RM [Royal Marine] Band from KGV [HMS King George V], Guards of Honour from the Royal Navy & Royal Marines marched to the front of the building and “presented arms” to the General salute for the Admiral & then to the Royal salute while the band played “the King” and the Union Jack was hoisted. Rear Admiral Brind led three cheers for His Majesty, the King. War correspondents & photographers did their stuff during this moving ceremony and the “changing of the Guard” which followed, when Royal Marines from [HMS] Newfoundland took over the guarding of the Embassy from KGV’s RMs. This was no doubt an extremely interesting and attractive manoeuvre for those who could see it. Unfortunately the band was placed in front of the officers & so successfully obstructed the view that I am unable to give any details or comments except to say that what was visible was done very smartly indeed.

This concluded the show and we were dismissed to devour the bag lunches provided. Thru some lack of foresight on the part of the organizers, no beer was supplied for the officers though the troops seemed to have plenty. There was no opportunity provided for anyone to visit the city shops, & after lunch time hung heavily. A wait round the embassy, which was very pleasant, a short ride in a truck, and a longer wait at the jetty was the lot of most. A little before 1500 [HMS] Quality left the jetty & followed an Australian destroyer bearing the Admiral & other “brass hats” back to the fleet anchorage at Yokohama.

On Sunday [16th], Rear Admiral Brind walked round Divisions and attended church on the Quarterdeck. He was most pleased at our turn-out.

 

September 15 (Sat) 1945, Yokohama, Japan [Part 1]

An innovation this week has been the holding of Divisions on the forecastle daily at 0900. Officers of Divisions turn up to this, and the Padre and band are also present for prayers & the singing of a hymn.

On Tuesday [11th] afternoon we shifted to berth F29, considerably nearer to Yokohama. The ships of the BPF [British Pacific Fleet] present and a large number of USN heavy craft are in this Anchorage.

In connection with the ceremony to be held at the British Embassy in Tokyo on Monday, we sent ashore a party to help clean the place up a bit and a squad of Royal Marines has been training in preparation for taking over guard duties there next week. We also have a platoon of Naval ratings guarding HMS Thracian, a British S class destroyer, which was scuttled at Hong Kong in ’41, raised by the Japanese, and found at Yokosuka in a fairly reasonably & repairable condition when the landing forces went ashore.

Memoir of Lt A Canham

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HMS Newfoundland sailors at Yokosuka Naval Base. Image copr. C Canham

After the fleet entered the harbor, the Newfoundland landing party was sent to Yokosuka Naval Base.  We found it mostly deserted, and with no transportation we commandeered fire engines to drive ourselves around the base.  We found miles of tunnels under the base and we had to inspect them all to be sure they weren’t mined.  There we discovered crates and crates of guns, ammunition, silver plates, and swords.

 

September 5 (Weds) 1945, Yokohama, Japan

IWM FL962 Ariadne
Minelayer HMS Ariadne, September 1943. Image copr. IWM FL962

Today HMS Ariadne secured alongside, bringing a draft from Sydney. A closer view of this ship only went to confirm earlier impressions of neatness & smartness. Our landing party was returned during the afternoon by HMAS Napier. They have all brought back a lot of souvenirs & appear in good spirits despite the lack of washing facilities & amenities ashore. Though perhaps they are just pleased at getting back!

September 4 (Tues), 1945, Tokyo Bay, Japan

IWM A30513 HMS Speaker
Cheers from HMS Duke of York as HMS Speaker departs with the first 500+ POWs  © IWM (A30513) Original Source: http://www.iwm.org.uk/collections/item/object/205161632

Yesterday afternoon (3rd), the lower deck was cleared when the CVE [HMS] “Speaker”, carrying several hundred British & empire PsOW, passed round the fleet before leaving the Bay, bound for Australia. All ships gave them a great send-off. We hope it will not be long before we are following them.

Just before midday, HMS Ariadne entered harbour & anchored to the west of us. It is a very neat job of the Aldiel minelaying class, reputed to be capable of a speed of over 40 knots.

September 2 VJ-Day, 1945, Tokyo Bay, Japan

IWM A30511 Flagship sunset
Ensigns from all the Allied nations flown from HMS Duke of York on VJ-Day ceremonial sunset. Image copr. IWM A30511

This forenoon, Japanese envoys, including their foreign minister, and representatives of the United Nations, including the Supreme Allied Commander, General of the Armies, Douglas McArthur, met together on board USS Missouri, and signed documents for the complete surrender of Japan & its empire. The ship’s company were able to listen to a broadcast of the ceremony after Divisions & church. The day was generally celebrated by all who were in a position to do so. The ceremonial sunset on board the flag-ship [HMS] Duke of York was very colourful & moving.

For the third time in the last 9 months the order was given to “Splice the Mainbrace”. No doubt this was appreciated by the troops. Personally I would much prefer a pint of good cider. Letters posted today will be specially stamped “VJ-Day, Tokyo Bay”, aboard ship.

September 1 (Sat) 1945, Tokyo Bay, Japan

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Some of the HMS Newfoundland landing party. Image copr. C Canham.

The weather is still very dull. Our landing party has apparently hit the shore & all is proceeding according to plan. By request, the HQ staff who were left behind as unnecessary have been sent ashore to join them, and it all would seem to be a huge picnic. It is to be hoped that the rest of the ship’s company will be able to land & have a look-see later on.

August 31 (Fri) 1945, Tokyo Bay, Japan

Yesterday KGV [HMS King George v] & other British & US warships proceeded to Tokyo Bay, leaving only about a dozen ships in Sagami Wan. However, a force of US cruisers arrived last evening & this morning we all proceeded to Tokyo. The weather had deteriorated & visibility was bad.

august-31-1945-tokyo-bay-map.jpgWe had a spot of trouble with the capstan machinery seizing up, & anchor was weighed by manpower. Hands manned the capstan bars & despite pouring rain made a very good job. This delayed us considerably even so, and [HMNZS] Gambia proceeded independently after all the US ships. We caught it up soon after entering the bay and passed ahead as we began steaming through the lines of ships, dropping anchor in berth 61 next HMAS Shropshire just before 1300. A mist reduced visibility considerably but a good deal of shipping of various sorts could be seen. The shore was indistinct with what looked like dockyard & built up area to the west and low hills on the east side. In several places round the entrance to the bay were wrecks of merchant ships, presumably the results of sorties by our carrier-born aircraft and also a battleship hulk at Yokosuka.

Defense measures here include a pom-pom each side manned during daylight hours and a full cruising watch & lookout closed up at night. Sentries are posted from sunset to ‘hands fall in’.

August 29 (Weds) 1945, Sagami Wan, Japan

August 31 1945 IWM A30357
HMNZS Gambia, HMS KGV & HMS Newfoundland in Sagami Wan from deck of HMS Duke of York. Image copr. IWM A30357

Yesterday US Air Forces began taking over the airfields ashore. Transport aircraft have been crossing overhead all day. Anti-sabotage boat patrols are being maintained during the hours of darkness & double sentries armed with rifles & lanchesters posted around the ship.

Today [USS] Missouri moved into Tokyo Bay. Other units will proceed as berthing areas are check swept by our minesweepers. Admiral Nimitz has arrived by seaplane, and General McArthur is reported to be at Okinawa. Paint ship is just about completed, the hands having been busy on the hull since Monday. Upperworks are light grey & the other dark.

August 29 1945 Malcolm Wright

August 23 (Thurs) 1945, at sea, off Japan

Upon the return of the Japanese envoys to Tokyo, the enemy radio began announcing when & where the forces of occupation will land. Airborne troops are expected in the Tokyo area next Sunday & the fleet is to enter the bay shortly after. The actual peace treaty will be signed on a US Battleship in Tokyo Bay on August 31st by the Supreme Commander who will arrive by sea. In a speech to the ship’s company the Captain more or less confirmed these arrangements.

IWM A 30576 air parade DOY
Naval aircraft flight over HMS Duke of York, August 1945. Image copr. IWM A30576.

Yesterday [22nd] afternoon practically every aircraft in the fleet that could fly was airborne for a massed flight over the assembled ships. It was a grand sight & some excellent photos should have been obtained.

This afternoon we were detached with [HMS] KGV[King George V], [HMNZS] Gambia, [HMAS] Napier, [HMAS] Nizam & two US Fletcher class DDs [USS] Benham & Uhlmann from TF 38.4 and became TF 37.